TotalView for HPC Features
TotalView supports these key technologies:
- Laptops to supercomputers: Laptops, workstations, servers, departmental clusters, and supercomputers
- C and C++: Comprehensive support for templates and standard template libraries
- Fortran: Includes concepts such as common blocks and modules
- Multiprocess with MPI: Support for 20 different MPI implementations
- Multithreaded processes: Debugging multithreaded applications with pthreads, OpenMP TBB
- Xeon Phi coprocessor: Support for debugging Intel Xeon Phi
- OpenPOWER Linux PowerLE: Support for debugging on the OpenPOWER Little-Endian platform
- Accelerator support: debug programs that use CUDA or OpenACC to leverage NVIDIA GPUs
- ARM64 support: Early access to support for ARM64
TotalView provides powerful functionality to make debugging as easy as possible
- Data visualization: Visibility into program data and variables
- Type transformation: Transform your custom data structures into a simpler form for debugging
- Advanced memory debugging: Dynamic memory debugging features
- Evaluation points: Evaluate expressions to go beyond simply looking at data values
- TVScript: Unattended batch debugging
- Reverse debugging: Record and replay, debugging race conditions and deadlocks in Linux applications
- Remote display: Connect from a Linux or Windows system
“One of our simulations was about 1.5 million lines of code... The ability to port the code, and to watch and test on two different platforms side-by-side in real-time using TotalView cut development time by 60-70%; we wouldn't have been able to achieve this if we had to use more than one debugging tool. It also save us about 40% in costs because we didn't have to purchase other tools.”
Modeling and Simulation Department Manager
C and C++ debugging and troubleshooting
C and C++ give you control over the details of data, access patterns, memory management, and execution. But direct control over low level machine behavior leaves little margin for error when it comes to building and maintaining scalable scientific applications. TotalView provides the ideal environment for troubleshooting complex C and C++ applications. They feature detailed views of objects, data structures, and pointers, simplifying working with complex objects.
The standard template library (STL) collection classes simplify the way you manipulate your program's data, but they complicate troubleshooting when your program hangs or crashes. TotalView type transformation facility (TTF) provides a flexible way for you to provide alternate displays for data objects. STLView transformations provide a logical view of STL collection class objects, providing a more practical view of list data. The end result is a simplified, intuitive view into the structure and behavior of your code.
While there are some things that both C and Fortran have in common, Fortran is not C. TotalView correctly represents Fortran notation, types, and concepts, such as common blocks and modules, that are not present in other languages.
Fortran is especially good at representing and manipulating numerical and mathematical data. One of its key characteristics is its facility for representing array data. Scientists and engineers working with Fortran source code are doing so in part to take advantage of language-level support for things like multidimensional arrays, array assignment, and the powerful features of Fortran pointers. Our technology can help you leverage these key attributes of Fortran to ensure working code.
Data visualization for understanding application behavior, computational data, and patterns
Most of the applications you are developing are engines for manipulating data. Whether observational or computational, it is the data that you really care about. When you are trying to develop insight into the behavior of a physical system you approach it quantitatively. The same approach is necessary when trying to understand the behavior of computational systems.
Troubleshooting involves exploring the behavior of a live application, looking for clues as to why the computation is not proceeding as expected, slicing the data presented in different ways to uncover patterns. It is critical that you have the tools that make it easy to view and manipulate that data, and TotalView helps streamline this process.
Debugging memory leaks and malloc errors
The fact that memory is a limited resource has a significant impact on the implementation of your application, especially when it contains millions of lines of code. As program complexity grows, memory leak debugging and troubleshooting malloc errors become more difficult. Memory-related code defects can cause out-of-control resource and random data corruption. Memory errors can also manifest themselves as random program crashes, negatively impacting productivity. In a worst-case scenario, memory errors can result in corrupted data causing programs to generate inaccurate results. TotalView helps you manage that risk by ensuring working code and accurate results.
Support for MPI, OpenMP, and other parallel paradigms
TotalView provides comprehensive support for MPI, OpenMP, UPC, and GA. With support for more than 20 implementations of MPI, TotalView has been the debugger of choice in parallel programming courses.
Multithreaded applications / multicore architectures
The era of increasing clock rates has ended. Processor architectures are characterized by multicore and many-core designs. Building a multithreaded application or transitioning from a serial application to a parallel application presents significant challenges. TotalView and ReplayEngine are natively built to help you manage the challenges presented by concurrency, parallelism, and threads.
Race conditions are a common problem, even in a well tested multithreaded application. You can use locks, semaphores, and atomic operations to avoid race conditions, but they can introduce subtle problems of their own. Our tools provide visibility into the behavior of your code, increasing your understanding of the impact of these problems.
TVScript is a framework for non-interactive debugging with TotalView. You define a series of events that may occur within the target program, TVScript loads the program under its control, sets breakpoints as necessary, and runs the program. At each program stop, TVScript gathers data which is logged to a set of output files for your review when the job has completed. If you call TVScript with no arguments, it provides usage guidelines and a listing of available events and actions. TVScript has been likened to printf on steroids.
TotalView on Linux x86-64 supports CUDA and OpenACC debugging:
- CUDA supported versions 7.0, 7.5 and 8.0
- Debugging host and device code in the same session
- CUDA running directly on Tesla, Kepler, Maxwell, or Fermi hardware
- CUDA Dynamic Parallelism
- CUDA Unified Memory
- Linux and GPU device thread visibility
- Full visibility to the hierarchical device, block, and thread memory
- Navigating device threads by logical and device coordinates
- CUDA function calls, host pinned memory regions, and CUDA contexts
- Handling CUDA functions inline and on the stack
- Command line interface (CLI) commands for CUDA functions
- Applications that use multiple NVIDIA devices at the same time
- MPI applications on CUDA-accelerated clusters
- Unified Virtual Addressing and GPUDirect
- CUDA C++ and inline PTX
- Reporting memory errors and handling CUDA exceptions
- Full support for the OpenACC directives compiled by both the PGI and the Cray CCE compilers
- Compatibility for CUDA dynamic mode programs
- Debugging of CUDA core files
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